Kidney Cancer Survival RatesThursday, February 5th, 2009
The overall kidney cancer survival rates are 44% for 5 years and 40% for 10 years. 25% of patients are diagnosed while at stage 4 of the disease and when this happens barely 10% make it to 5 years. However, it must be noted that even at this stage if the cancerous tumor is of a low grade and is localized, the kidney cancer survival rates can be as high as 40%.
Kidney Cancer Survival Rates Lowers
The most common type of Kidney Cancer is called Renal Cell Carcinoma. 31,000 new cases are detected in the US each year of which 12,000 deaths occur. Kidney Cancer is most common in men over the age of 55.
Overall prognosis depends on the grade and the stage of the cancer and also on the overall performance status of the individual at the time of diagnosis and treatment. This is important because a poor overall performance means symptoms like fever, weight loss and extreme tiredness that inhibit treatment. Those who don’t have such symptoms have a better prognosis.
Kidney Cancer Survival Rates By Stage
Generally, if the cancer is at stage 1 at diagnosis, the prognosis is good because a complete surgical resection of the cancerous growth is possible. At stage 2, the survival rate for 5 years is 65 – 75%. At stage 3 the kidney cancer survival rates begin to diminish because the cancer would have spread to the nearby lymph nodes, the survival rate drops to 40 – 70% for 5 years. At stage 4, if the cancer has metastasized to the other organs of the body, the overall 5 year survival rate is barely 5%, but if it has not metastasized, the survival rate can be higher.
Kidney Cancer Survival Rates By Size of Tumor
Kidney cancer survival rates are also specified based on the size of the tumors. If the tumors are less than 4 cms, the survival rates are as high as 90-95%. Larger tumors allow a survival rate of 80-85%. Thereafter, if the cancer has spread, the survival rates diminish to 5-15%.
Surgery is the general treatment if resection is possible. Kidney Cancer is resistant to Chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Kidney tumors have a tendency to reoccur after surgery. If they do, the Kidney Cancer Survival Rates are very poor.