Ovarian Cancer Survival RatesThursday, February 5th, 2009
This articles will tackle about ovarian cancer survival rates and its implications.
Ovarian Cancer Survival Rates Lowest Among Women’s Cancers
Ovarian Cancer accounts for the highest mortality rate among women’s reproductive cancers. It has been estimated that around 26,000 new cases of Ovarian Cancer are detected every year in the United States, of which there are approximately 15500 deaths, making it one of the top 5 causes of all cancer deaths in the United States.
Factors Influencing Incidence and Ovarian Cancer Survival Rates
Globally, the highest incidence of Ovarian Cancer is in the developed countries, the United States, Scandinavia and Israel. The lowest incidence of this disease is in the developing countries and Japan. Race seems to play a role too as the incidence of the disease is higher among white women than among black women. Women with a personal history of Breast Cancer or family history of breast or ovarian cancer are at an increased risk for Ovarian Cancer. Women over the age of 45 are more likely to develop the disease than younger women.
Ovarian Cancer Survival Rates By Stage
If detected in the early stages, the ovarian cancer survival rates are quite high. Sadly, less than 20% of cases are detected at this stage. For a higher survival rate, Ovarian Cancer must be detected before it spreads beyond the ovaries into the other organs of the body. If detected at this stage, ovarian cancer survival rates are as high as 94%. Ovarian Cancer rarely gets detected at this stage because the symptoms in the early stages are minimal and because invasive surgery is required to make a definite diagnosis.
As the disease is rarely diagnosed in the early stages when a total recovery is possible, the out come of treatment is generally poor. 76% of patients are diagnosed with the disease while in the advanced stages and consequently survive only up to 1 year. Less than 45% live beyond the 5 year survival mark.
Depending upon the extent of the cancer the treatment almost always involves surgery by a gynecologic oncologist followed up by chemotherapy. In the first, second or even third stage, surgical treatment greatly improves the ovarian cancer survival rate. Only in the very advanced stages surgery is avoided as it would serve no therapeutic purpose.
It is estimated that 70-90% of women who have had the disease will at some time or other have a reoccurrence. Reoccurrence after remission is common and this directly affects the Ovarian Cancer Survival Rates.